Common cold: What is common cold, Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies For Common Cold

Common cold: What is common cold, Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies For Common Cold

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Home Remedies >> Common Cold


Written and Reviewed By :
Dr. Riddhi P. Sardhara.



What is Common Cold?

The common cold is a viral infectious disease that infects the upper respiratory tract causing infection (URI). It is also known as acute viral rhinopharyngitis or acute coryza. Being the most common infectious disease in humans, the cold is mainly caused by coronaviruses, rhinoviruses, RSV(respiratory syncytial virus), or parainfluenza.

Causes of Common Cold

The common cold is caused by two hundred different types of viruses. Some of them are rhinovirus, which seldom produces serious illnesses, others such as parainfluenza and respiratory syncytial virus, produce only mild infections in adults, but can cause severe lower respiratory infections in young children.

Aggravating Factors

  • Pollen season of some plants.

  • Night and early morning time.

  • Extremely wet and cool weather.

  • Younger age.

  • Chronic disease of the respiratory system.

  • Family history of the same problem.

  • Postnasal drip.


  • Symptoms of Common Cold

  • Dry throat.

  • Sore throat.

  • Cough.

  • Mild fever.

  • Sneezing.

  • Hoarse voice.

  • Blocked nose.

  • Mild headache.

  • Itching in the nose and soft palate.

  • Runny nose.


  • Home Remedies For Common Cold

  • Frequent drinking of lukewarm can fight against the common cold.

  • Consume 2-3 gm of Liquorice (Mulethi) root powder with equal ginger powder and Honey (Shahad) three times a day.

  • In acute cold, drink a soup made up of Tamarind (Imli) fruit.

  • Take three grams of Black pepper (Kali Mirch) powder with Jaggery (Guda) twice a day.

  • Honey is a powerful soothing and healing agent as it boosts immunity and treats common cold symptoms.

  • Boil a piece of Ginger(Adrak) in milk and drink it three times a day.

  • Take green tea with lemon juice and jaggery helps to reduce cold symptoms.

  • Taking a raw sugar with the black pepper powder, cinnamon powder, and ginger powder with honey of luck warm ghee is helps in the cold with horse voice.

  • Steam inhalation with camphor essential oil/ raw camphor is reduced cough production and relieves headache.

  • Application of camphor oil with the sesame oil on the forehead and outer surface of the nose is relived the blocked nose.

  • Few drops of menthol in cloth, for frequent inhalations, helps in relieves cold.

  • Roast ajwain seed and/or raw camphor, make a pocket of breathable cloth, inhalation of that is also beneficial.

  • Taking soup made up with lemon, coriander, and black pepper is also helpful.

  • Roast wheat/millet flour in cow ghee, add raw sugar and plenty of water, add ajwain seed and ginger powder, consume it twice a day, it relives the blockages of the respiratory systems.


  • When to Consult a Doctor:

    The ratio of cough production and excretion is very high, severe breathlessness, high-grade fever, or high rate of respiration, chest tightness, and sputum with bleeding, in this type of symptoms better to consult a doctor and take medications.


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