Ancient History of Ayurveda,Ayurvedic Schools,Origin of Ayurveda info

Ancient History of Ayurveda,Ayurvedic Schools,Origin of Ayurveda info

History of Ayurveda

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Ayurveda, the "science of life" or longevity, is the holistic alternative science from India and is more than 5000 years old. According to Indain mythology the knowledge of Ayurveda was first perceived by Brahma and then handed down to Daksha Prajapati then to the Ashwin twins (the divine doctors),then passed to Indra. The trail after Indra varies according to different ancient ayurveda texts.


According to Shurshrut Samhita, Lord Dhanavantri learnt from Indra and taught it to Shushrut and other scholars.
According to Charak samhita, Atreya and other seers learnt it from Indra.
As per Kashyap samhita, Indra taught ayurveda to Kashyap, Vashistha, Atri and Bhrugu.
According to Ashtang samgrah, Indra imparted the knowledge of Ayurveda to group of Scholars consisting of Dhanvantari, Atreya, Bhardwaj, Nimi and Kashyap.
According to Aashtang Hridaya and Bhavprakash samhita, Indra passed ayurveda to Atreya and others who further gave it to Agnivesha etc.
According to Brahma Vaivarat Puana, Bhaskara composed Ayurveda as fifth Veda on advice of Prjapati and passed it to his 16 disciples.
While Charan Vyuha and Prasthana bheda described Ayurveda as an Upveda of Rgveda.

Schools of Ayurveda: There are two schools of thought in Ayurveda

  • School of Surgery or school of Dhanvantari
  • School of Medicine or School of Atreya

  • Classics of Ayurveda: There are two sets of classics in Ayurveda which consists of three classical texts:

    Classics Classical Texts
    Brihatrayi Charak Samhita
    Shushrut Samhita
    Ashtang Hridaya
    Laghutrayi Madhav Nidan
    Bhavprakash Samhita
    Sharangdhar Samhita


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