Medicinal Importance of Abhraka Bhasma,Mica,Gagana,Ambara,Vyoma.

Medicinal Importance of Abhraka Bhasma,Mica,Gagana,Ambara,Vyoma.

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Medicinal Importance of Abhraka Bhasma(Mica)


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Author : Dr.Jyoti Yadav



Aacharya Kautilya in his ArthaShastra mentioned about Abhraka which has been used in turning Mercury into Gold. Astang Hridya contains a recipe, Kasisadi Taila, an external application in piles which is made up of Abhraka.

In Sanskrit : Abraka,Gagana,Ambara,Vyoma etc.
Hindi : Abhrak
English : Mica.

Place of Availability : Mainly in Bhilwara(Rajasthan),Koderma(Giridih).
It is available in the form of big flakes naturally.

Scientifically : It is Double Silicate of Aluminium and Potassium or Sodium. Chemically there are 5 varieties of Mica

  • Muscovite (White Mica) : H2KAl3(SiO4)3.

  • Paragonite (White Mica) : H2NaAl3(SiO4)3.

  • Phlogopite (Red Mica) : HK (Mg F)3Mg3 Al(SiO4)3.

  • Lepidolite (Yellow Mica) : K Li {Al(OHF)2} Al(SiO4)3.

  • Biotite (Black Mica) : (HK)2(MgFe)2(Al Fe)2(SiO4)3.

  • Varieties of Abhraka :Pinaka, Naga, Manduka & Vajra on the basis of reaction of Abhraka to Heat.


    Qualities of best Abharaka : Abhraka that looks oily, having wider flakes, black in color, heavy and layers can be separated easily.


    Shodhana (Purification) of Abharaka : Abharaka flakes are burnt on fire and dipped in Kanji, Gomutra, Triphala Kwatha, Godudgha for 7 times.


    Bhasmikaran (Incineration) of Abharaka : To cure diseases 20-100 puta. For Rejuvenation purpose 100-1000 puta.


    Criteria of Abhraka Bhasma : It should be lusterless (Nishchandra),soft like corrylium,and should be red in color.


    Qualities of best Abhraka Bhasma :
  • It alleviates Vata, Pitta & antidote to Kapha Dosha.It is Snigadha and having Sheeta Veerya.

  • It is a magic drug in combinations of Kasa-Shawasa,Kashya & Pandu.

  • It is best Vajikar (Aphrodisiac) & Rasayana.

  • It is Keshya,Netrya,Stanya,Hridya,Tvachya.

  • It is useful in alleviating all diseases when administered in different combinations.

  • Dose :1-2 Ratti i.e. 125-250mg.


    Therapeutic Uses :
  • In Fever : Abhraka Bhasma + RasaSindoor.

  • In Chronic Fever : Abhraka Bhasma + Pippali+Honey.

  • Loss of Sight : Abhraka Bhasma + Triphala Churna.

  • Sprue : Abhraka Bhasma + Trikatu.

  • Prameha : Abhraka Bhasma + Haridra + Guduci Satva + Pippali + Honey.

  • Preparations :
  • Vati : Aarogyavardhani Vati.

  • Parpati : Gagan Parpati, Panchamrit Parpati.

  • Rasa : Yogendra Rasa,Poornchand Rasa,Brihat Kasturibhairav Rasa,
    Brihat Vatachintamani Rasa, Brihat Shringarabhra Rasa,

    Vasantkusumakar Rasa,Shawaskasachintamani Rasa.

  • Sindur : Hemabhraka Sindur, Brihat Svarnabhraka Sindur.





  • References :
  • Rasa Tarangini-10/1-2.

  • Rasa Ratna Samuchya-2/26.

  • Ayurved Prakash-2/134-135.

  • Rasendra Sara Sangraha-1/152.

  • Rasa Prakash Sudhakar-5/15.



  • Author : Dr.Jyoti Yadav(MD Ayurveda)
    CBPACS, New Delh, GGSIPU.

     

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