What is diarrhoea in children?At age of 1 to 3-year babies, they use to chew anything around them including hand, toe, and other toys which has many infections causes bacteria and viruses. So they are very prone to have infections and diarrhea.
Diarrhoea can be acute or chronic. It is a sudden onset and lasts less than two weeks but sometimes takes longer. It is a condition that associate with the frequent passing of loose or watery stools. The main risk that involves in diarrhoea is, it may lead to dehydration.
Causes of diarrhoea in children
One of the root causes of diarrhoea is food poison, which is usually induced by a bacterial infection. Side effects of antibiotics also lead to acute diarrhoea. In addition to these, there are some less common causes of diarrhoea are
In feeding babies, some children have a milk allergy, some have weak digestion. These are also causative factors of diarrhea.
Above 3 year children, they have fond of junk or packet foods, which has preservatives and some chemical processing, which hampers the appetite and digestion of food, It is also a cause.
Most of the children play without footwear, also in latrine habits, they are not using footwear which causing worm infestation and diarrhea too.
Symptoms of diarrhoea in children
Loose and watery stools.
Suffer from abdominal cramping, nausea or bloating.
Even have a fever along with chills.
May feel lightheaded or weak
Few or no tears when crying.
Cool and dry skin.
Home remedies for diarrhoea in children
Diarrhoea causes dehydration that can be dangerous in children, so it is necessary to encourage them to drink water if they are experiencing diarrhoea.
You can also create an oral rehydration solution by mixing 1 liter of water with half a teaspoon of salt and six teaspoons of sugar.
Fruit juices can also help restore potassium.
Breastfed infants should continue to breastfeed. Children should continue with their regular diet, plus rehydrating fluids.
Fiber-rich food is often used in both constipated and diarrheal states, depending on the type of fiber in the food.
Some of the fiber-rich foods may help slow your child's diarrhoea. High-fiber foods that may help with diarrhoea include apples (not the skin),
bananas, barley, oats, beans, peas, and sweet potatoes (not the skin).
Give a piece of ginger(adrak) to the child to eat or try ginger ale or cookies with ginger.
Mix Fresh juice of Indian gooseberry(amla) with lime juice and sugar.Give this to the child which is very beneficial.
Make a mixture of 1/2 teaspoonful each of ginger juice, lemon juice and 1/4 teaspoon of pepper powder and give this to the child twice a day.
Give curd with mashed banana.Curd is the easiest source of probiotics.Probiotics are healthy bacteria and replace harmful bacteria in the gut (stomach).
Roast some cumin(jeera) seeds and give them with curd after the meal, which will help in digestion, prevents and cures diarrhoea.One can give cumin (jeera) powder and asafoetida with lime in 1 spoon, give it with little water, it helps in relieving diarrhea.
Give buttermilk(chhachh) with black salt(kala namak).In food, children may take rice with curd or buttermilk and buttermilk preparation, they are very useful in digestion and metabolism also.
Giving nutmeg(jaayaphal) powder with yogurt is helpful to get rid of diarrhea.
In children who have bleeding diarrhea or dysentery symptoms, they can use amla murabba(sweet candy preparation of amla).
Poppy seeds mix with sugar and milk, is useful in continuous and severe diarrhea.
In 1 month to 12-month babies also careful in viral diarrhea, in this zinc preparation and rehydration salts are very needful.
Children who have symptoms like vomiting and anorexia with diarrhea are advised to take green gram soup, and rice gruel for better digestion.
Use unripened bael fruit for a drink with sugar is beneficial for decreasing the frequent urge of defecation.
Oral rehydration water at home : take lemon/ orange/ other citrus fruit juice with rock salt and sugar or jaggery, mix it and give it to the babies frequently as per requirement and age of the babies.
When consulting your doctor for diarrhoea in children?
If the child is less than six months of age.
If blood is present in the child's urine or stool.
Has a high fever.
Swelling or enlargement in abdominal.
Diarrhoea lasting longer than 2-3 days.
Significant weight loss.
Dry mouth or tongue.